The Agreement On Trade Facilitation
11 octobre 2021
Contains provisions on the establishment of a Standing Committee on Trade Facilitation within the WTO and the requirement for WTO Members to have a national committee to facilitate internal coordination and implementation of the provisions of the Agreement. It also contains a number of final provisions, such as. B the possibility of regional approaches to the implementation of the TFA. In the two years that have been in force, 141 out of 164 countries have ratified the agreement, representing 86% of WTO members (most-favoured-nation application of the TFA). 12 of the remaining 22 countries are LDCs, while the remaining 10 are developing countries. Indeed, nine countries have not ratified the TFA and have not notified category A, B and C obligations. This means that the level of development can have a direct impact, either on the complexity of legal systems or on the ability of countries to assess what they need to do, leading to calls on donors and development partners to assist in legal processes. 3. Members of developing and least developed countries intending to make use of trade facilitation assistance and capacity-building assistance shall provide the Committee with information on the contact body(ies) of the body or bodies responsible for coordinating and prioritizing such assistance.
12.1 This Article shall not prevent a Member from entering into or maintaining a bilateral, plurilateral or regional agreement on the exchange or exchange of customs information and data, even on a secure and expediting basis, for example. B on an automatic basis or before the arrival of the shipment. It is estimated that developing and least developed countries (LDCs), mainly African, could experience the most significant reductions in trade costs. 7.3 The trade facilitation measures provided for in paragraph 7.1 include at least three of the following:7) the kick-off of your National Committees for Trade Facilitation through the dispatch of distributors: Public-private partnerships are the cornerstones necessary for the implementation of the WTO TFA to succeed. Who knows better than merchants the bottlenecks in business processes? It is therefore important to invite them to participate in the committees. In addition, NTFC should share synergies with other national committees, such as sanitary and phytosanitary regulatory committees or committees on technical barriers to trade, and promote regional platforms. (c) the member immediately terminates or suspends the notification or directions where the circumstances that led to it no longer exist or where modified circumstances can be addressed in a less restrictive manner; and the Canada Border Services Agency`s Small and Medium Enterprise Toolkit was designed to make trade and business information more accessible to businesses. It identifies relevant websites and outreach products and provides details on programs, policies and rules to facilitate and expedite border crossings for commercial goods while improving the security of border and trade chains. The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA), which entered into force on 22 February 2017, provides binding commitments for the WTO`s 164 members to modernise and simplify border procedures. This is the first multilateral agreement since the creation of the WTO in 1994. A list of WTO members that have ratified the TFA is available on the WTO website.
In addition, both developing and least-developed countries had to provide the WTO with information on the contact points for the coordination of these TACBs (Article 22(3)). As of 22 February 2019, only five developing countries have met this obligation.